Needlepoint is a form of counted thread embroidery in which yarn is stitched through a stiffopen weave canvas. Most needlepoint designs completely cover the canvas. Although needlepoint may be worked in a variety of stitches, many needlepoint designs use only a simple tent stitchand rely upon color changes in the yarn to construct the pattern.

The degree of detail in needlepoint depends on the thread count of the underlying mesh fabric. Needlepoint worked on fine canvas is known as petit point. Due to the inherent stiffness of needlepoint, common uses include wall hangings, pillows, upholstery, holiday ornaments, purses and eyeglass cases.

embroidery designs

embroidery designs

Embroidery Design files

Digitized embroidery design files can be either purchased or created with industry-specific embroidery digitizing software. Embroidery file formats broadly fall into two categories. The first, source formats, are specific to the software used to create the design. For these formats, the digitizer keeps the original file for the purposes of editing. The second, machine formats, are specific to a particular brand of embroidery machine. Here, the files are available for use with particular embroidery machines and are not easily edited or scaled.

Embroidery machines generally have one or more machine formats specific to their brand. However, some formats such as Tajima’s .dst, Melco’s .exp/.cnd and Barudan’s .fdr have become so prevalent that they have effectively become industry standards and are often supported by machines built by rival companies.

Machine formats generally contain primarily stitch data (offsets) and machine functions (trims, jumps, etc.) and are thus not easily scaled or edited without extensive manual work.

Many embroidery designs can be downloaded in popular machine formats from embroidery web sites. However, since not all designs are available for every machine’s specific format, some machine embroiderers use conversion programs to convert from one machine’s format file to another, with various degrees of reliability.

A person who creates a design is known as an embroidery digitizer or puncher. A digitizer uses software to create an object-based embroidery design, which can be easily reshaped and edited. These files retain important information such as object outlines, thread colors, and original artwork used to punch the designs. When the file is converted to a stitch file, it loses much of this information, rendering editing difficult or impossible.

Software vendors often advertise auto-punching or auto-digitizing capabilities. However, if high quality embroidery is essential, then industry experts highly recommend either purchasing solid designs from reputable digitizers or obtaining training on solid digitization techniques.

embroidery designs

embroidery designs

embroidery designs

embroidery designs

embroidery Machine

Much contemporary embroidery is stitched with a computerized embroidery machine using patterns “digitized” with embroidery software. In machine embroidery, different types of “fills” add texture and design to the finished work. Machine embroidery is used to add logos and monograms to business shirts or jackets, gifts, and team apparel as well as to decorate household linens, draperies, and decorator fabrics that mimic the elaborate hand embroidery of the past.


There are a number of brands available on the market; the top two are Tajima and Barudan, followed by Toyota & SWF

Industrial embroidery machines

Industrial embroidery machines

Computerized machine embroidery

Most modern embroidery machines are computer controlled and specifically engineered for embroidery. Industrial and commercial embroidery machines and combination sewing-embroidery machines have a hooping or framing system that holds the framed area of fabric taut under the sewing needle and moves it automatically to create a design from a pre-programmed digital embroidery pattern.

Depending on its capabilities, the machine will require varying degrees of user input to read and sew embroidery designs. Sewing-embroidery machines generally have only one needle and require the user to change thread colors during the embroidery process. Multi-needle industrial machines are generally threaded prior to running the design and do not require re-threading. These machines require the user to input the correct color change sequence before beginning to embroider. Some can trim and change colors automatically.

A multi-needle machine may consist of multiple sewing heads, each of which can sew the same design onto a separate garment concurrently. Such a machine might have 20 or more heads, each consisting of 15 or more needles. A head is usually capable of producing many special fabric effects, including

satin stitch embroidery

satin stitch embroidery

, chain stitch embroidery, sequins, appliqué, and cutwork.


Free-motion machine embroidery

In free-motion machine embroidery, embroidered designs are created by using a basic zigzag sewing machine. As it is used primarily for tailoring, this type of machine lacks the automated features of a specialized machine.

To create free-motion machine embroidery, the embroiderer runs the machine and skillfully moves tightly hooped fabric under the needle to create a design. The operator lowers or covers the “feed dogs” or machine teeth and moves the fabric manually. The operator develops the embroidery manually, using the machine’s settings for running stitch and fancier built-in stitches. In this way, the stitches form an image onto a piece of fabric. An embroiderer can produce a filled-in effect by sewing many parallel rows of straight stitching. A machine’s zigzag stitch can create thicker lines within a design or be used to create a border. Many quilters and fabric artists use a process called thread drawing (or thread painting) to create embellishments on their projects or to create textile art.

Free-motion machine embroidery can be time-consuming. Since a standard sewing machine has only one needle, the operator must stop and re-thread the machine manually for each subsequent color in a multi-color design. He or she must also manually trim and clean up loose or connecting threads after the design is completed.

As this is a manual process rather than a digital reproduction, any pattern created using free-motion machine embroidery is unique and cannot be exactly reproduced, unlike with computerized embroidery.

With the advent of computerized machine embroidery, the main use of manual machine embroidery is in fiber art and quilting projects. Though some manufacturers still use manual embroidery to embellish garments, many prefer computerized embroidery’s ease and reduced costs.




Embroidery is the handicraft of decorating fabric or other materials with needle and thread or yarn. Embroidery may also incorporate other materials such as metal strips, pearls, beads, quills, and sequins. Embroidery is most often used on caps, hats, coats, blankets, dress shirts, denim, stockings, and golf shirts. Embroidery is available with a wide variety of thread or yarn color.

Caucasus embroidery

An interesting characteristic of embroidery is that the basic techniques or stitches on surviving examples of the earliest embroidery—chain stitch, buttonhole or blanket stitch, running stitch, satin stitch, cross stitch—remain the fundamental techniques of hand embroidery today.

Machine embroidery, which arose in the early stages of the Industrial Revolution, mimics hand embroidery, especially in the use of chain stitches, but the “satin stitch” and hemming stitches of machine work rely on the use of multiple threads and resemble hand work in their appearance but not their construction.

Different embroidery digitizing techniques

Embroidery digitizing is a process of digitizing the designs into a machine recognizable form. There are many techniques to stitch a design with digitizing machines. Implementing several techniques in stitching process will benefit both novice and skilled designers. There are machine specific techniques which can be implemented with certain machines but there are other techniques which can be implemented on all types of machines. Pre installed free embroidery designs in machines can be paired with other designs to create new designs.

When incorporating some stitches you may face few challenges. For example, small stitches will disappear into the fabric textile. Fabric will absorb minute stitches. So it is a challenge to stitch embroidery designs on fabrics like wool or corduroy. You can face the challenge by making adjustments while setting up the design. Adjustments in pull compensation, density and correct scale selection can be made to make good designs which can be readable and small letters in different fonts. Using thin threads like 50 weight threads will prevent thread breakage problems while stitching small letters.

Type of thread and weight of the thread will play an important part in embroidery digitizing. All types of embroidery designs depend on these two factors. The quality of thread like sheen quality or commonly called as reflective quality will help to add depth and dimension to the designs. The reflective quality adds character to any embroidery design. We should be careful in matching the actual thread colors to a computerized chart of colors. Often skilled embroidery designers find it difficult to work with colors. Matching thread colors follows procedures like: Installing the thread comparison chart and locating the thread color name on the installed chart to find a thread color number. This is an extra step in digitizing process but this step will make sure your color matching job is successful.

Stitches often sink into fabrics while digitizing on textiles. This is a common problem and can be avoided with some techniques like controlling the length of stitches underlying. This can be done by using parameters feature tool located in the program. Selecting a zigzag stitch will also prevent the problem of sinking stitches. Stitches also shorten half a millimeter, so you need to adjust the parameter from 1.0 millimeters to 1.5 millimeters to get desired design on the fabric.

embroidery patches

embroidery patches

Certain machines will not stitch the design as you expected. The machines using the hooping process will frustrate you often. So you need to replace this process with floating process to avoid problems. To use the floating process you need to stabilize the fabric with two stabilizer sheets. The set up follows sticking up a sheet on back side of fabric and setting up another sheet on top of the first stabilizer. Then set the fabric on the machine using only the top hoop frame as the design guide.

All these techniques will help you to solve problems involved in the embroidery digitizing which often makes your design a disaster.

BERNINA Embroidery Software Designer Plus Version 6

BERNINA embroidery software lets you design, manipulate, embroider and quilt with the greatest precision – the ultimate in design freedom.


Automatic digitizing of artwork

The practical BERNINA Embroidery Software Version 6 allows you to automatically digitize artwork in a wide range of formats, so that it can be edited on-screen before being stitched out. Thanks to the BERNINA Embroidery Software V6, scanned drawings, pixel images or design sketches are all a cinch to use as artwork for your embroidery creations. No prior technical knowledge of file formats is required to use this automatic digitizing function – the embroidery software automatically converts all artwork into the right format for your embroidery machine.

Design and embroider monograms

The BERNINA embroidery software gives you the freedom to design and edit elegant monograms. No longer are you dependent on templates, or on the embroidery designs of others. Create and alter monograms and personalized labels however you wish. Provide them with attractive frames, ornaments, and edges, and embroider it all precisely with your BERNINA. The embroidery software allows you complete freedom with the creative design. Your sewing and embroidery projects bear your own individual and distinctive signature, like an original work of art.

Embroider attractive “carved stitch” effects

Embroider magical relief effects that look as if they’ve been carved. Create delightful patterns that reflect the light in different ways, lending sophisticated textures to your embroidery. You’ll be thrilled with the impressive, professional-looking results achieved thanks to the your BERNINA embroidery machine’s precise stitch formations. Creating designs with “carved stitch” effects is simplicity itself. Simply select the desired place and add the “carved” effect – accomplished with great precision by the embroidery software.

Design outline effects

The unique Outline feature in the BERNINA embroidery software lets you instantly add attractive borders and outlines to your embroidery designs.
The outline function places a number of outline stitches at your disposal – simply select the one you want with a click of your mouse. It’s child’s play to create a design outline that precisely follows the outline of your embroidery motif. With just a few simple mouse clicks, the BERNINA embroidery software provides accurate, attractive outlines for your designs.

Free-hand drawing made easy

The BERNINA Embroidery Software V6 features easy-to-use freehand-drawing tools that let you draw closed shapes, lines and dashes freehand, quickly and easily. Next,  simply select the desired outline or fill, and you’re done! Thanks to the BERNINA Embroidery Software V6, you can design charming motifs and effects and embroider them with your BERNINA embroidery machine with the utmost precision in next to no time. A powerful creative tool for the discerning who wish to transform their own ideas into high-quality embroideries.

Quilting with the Embroidery Software V6

Quilters will be delighted with the BERNINA Embroidery Software V6: the built-in Quilting Program will let them develop their quilting project on their PC, from initial design idea to  finished template. Fabric samples, layouts, blocks and embroidery motifs can be designed and configured at will in the Quilting Program – and the practical Preview function allows you to view the result before you sew the first stitch, letting you judge the overall effect and make any necessary adjustments before you begin stitching out your quilting project. This saves time and material, and affords you optimum control over the final result at all times. And of course you can also save your quilting project, with a view to altering or duplicating it at a later date.